China Railways- Overview
China railway network to the end of 2008, China's railway mileage of 79,687.5 km, ranking first in Asia. An east-west, north and south of communication, combined with the considerable size Ganzhi the railway network has been formed and accelerated the pace of improvement.
Northeast Economic Zone: including the three northeastern provinces and Inner Mongolia east, an area of 1.24 million square kilometers, is China's energy, steel, timber and food production base. Railways in Operation 16885.6 km, accounting for 19.5% of the railway mileage, road network density of 136.1 km/square km, of which, Binzhou - Bin Sui, Beijing-Harbin and Shenyang-Dalian form the "before" shaped main channel, with flush large Zheng, Shen long map, Kazakhstan Jia, Beijing Tong, Beijing, Cheng Jin, set pass, pass for more than 30 of the trunk road network structure basically sound. However, many of the main trunk capacity of Northeast tension, as Harbin, Changchun-Jilin Passenger and Xilinhot to Ulanhot, Bayan Ul to Fuxin railway construction, as well as flush, Zheng double-track railway and other large construction projects, the Northeast Railway network quality, capacity will be greatly improved.
Bohai Sea economic zone: including Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Liaoning, Shandong and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in central area of 1.335 million square kilometers, is China's economically developed areas. The railway is the center of China's railway network, a large number of main lines through the area, such as coal transportation channel of Datong-Qinhuangdao line, stone too - rock de - Jiaoji, Han long - Han Ji-line, Hou - New Moon - New mint - lotus Yan on line north and south channels of the Jingshan - Shen Shan - Harbin line, Beijing-Shanghai line, Beijing-Guangzhou, Beijing-Kowloon line, north and south Tongpu line, and Beijing through the line, set through the line, Beijing, Cheng Jin-line, Phongsaly big line, the original lines in Beijing. Mileage of 25,938 km of railways in operation, accounting for 29.9% of the railway mileage of the road network density 194.3 km/square km, the basic layout of the road network tends to improve. In view of the main trunk railway in the area road network in the special status of the regional high-speed, rapid passenger transport system to speed up construction, the Beijing-Tianjin inter-city rail transport, stone too Passenger, Passenger Jiaoji have been put into operation, Beijing, Wuhan, Tianjin and Qinhuangdao Passenger start construction, railroad, railway Zhangjiakou to Jining, including the Western Corridor expansion, set packages four-wire, electrified the Beijing-Kowloon, big bag electrification projects progressing smoothly, coal channel will be further strengthened.
Along the Yangtze River Delta and Yangtze River economic zone: including Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan and Chongqing, seven provinces and two cities, an area of 1,484,000 square kilometers, the region is the Yangtze River region of China's most economically developed one of the regions. Railways in Operation 19754.7 km, accounting for the national railway mileage of 22.8%, road network density of 133.1 km / million square kilometers. In addition to this area by the Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway, Xiang Yu, Han Dan, Wuhan University, co-nine, the West together and so on-line, the main north-south rail lines, the main channel capacity of tension. Economically more developed coastal Zhejiang province, but the lack of horizontal linkages, and its economy to upgrade affected. Passenger line in 2008 in the region, inter-city rail transit construction in full swing, Nanjing-Hangzhou, Hangzhou-Ningbo, and Shanghai-Nanjing Han-Yi passenger line, inter-city rail traffic Ning have started construction. Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu railway tunnel in the arms together, Hefei-Nanjing railway into operation, Wuhan-Guangzhou passenger line and the southeast coast in the channel Yongtaiwen, Wen-Fu railway construction progress.
Southeast coastal economic zones: including Fujian and Guangdong provinces, an area of 299,000 square kilometers. Geographical location in the region, adjacent to Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, is the gateway to China's reform and opening up, economic development, leading the nation. To the end of the year has formed a Beijing-Guangzhou, Beijing-Kowloon and Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Southern Section, Eagle Ha, outside Fu, Wang Nan, the three-mao, Guangmeishan and Ganzhou-Longyan lines such as the composition of the regional railway network, mileage 4108.9 km, accounting for the national railway mileage of 4.7%, road network density 137.4 kilometers/square kilometers. With the rapid development of regional economy, the lack of convenient and southwestern provinces of contact channel, Fujian Province, the lack of large-capacity rapid rail access, the main trunk capacity of the existing tension in Guangdong and other conditions are more prominent, and the need to accelerate the pace of Beijing-Guangzhou passenger and freight sub-line, building links with the south-west channel, the new channel and out of province and the Pearl River Delta Intercity rail. In 2008, the Wuhan-Guangzhou, Guangzhou-Shenzhen (Hong Kong) Passenger projects progressed smoothly, Ha Long, Ha deep to the Po, Wen-Fu, Fuzhou and Guangzhou-Zhuhai intercity rail projects such as building steadily, Guiyang-Guangzhou railway construction.
Five provinces in central economic zone: including Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hunan, Hubei Provinces, located in the hinterland of China, an area of 871,000 square kilometers, is the economy, transport more developed regions. To the end of 2008 has formed the Beijing-Guangzhou, Beijing-Shanghai, Beijing-Kowloon, Jiaoliu four north-south transportation routes and Longhai, Shanghai and Kunming, the new moon - the new lotus Yan, Xi'an - Hefei, Xiang-Yu - Han Dan - Wu nine - Nanjing five things transport channel consisting of "four vertical and five horizontal" main frame, the railway mileage 16885.6 km, accounting for 19.5% of the railway mileage, road network density of 193.9 km / square km, the layout tends to improve. The problem is the Beijing-Guangzhou, Beijing-Shanghai and other major busy Longhai trunk transport capacity tight, Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu channel has not yet formed. Should accelerate the pace of the busy channel passenger and freight sub-line, accelerate the construction of Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu channel.In 2008, the eastern section of Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu-channel co-Wu, Hefei-Nanjing railway and along the river channel copper Kowloon Railway put into operation, the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway, Beijing-Guangzhou Passenger Line, Zhengzhou-Xi'an Passenger and other related projects progressing smoothly, Chinese passenger line should start building.