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China – Energy & Power Sector

The energy policy of China is a policy decided on by the Central Government with regard to energy and energy resources. Ensuring adequate energy supply to sustain economic growth has been a core concern of the Chinese government since 1949. The country is currently the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases according to a Dutch research agency. In addition, China is the world's leading renewable energy producer.

From 2010 to 2015 China reduced energy consumption per unit of GDP by 18%, and CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 20%.

Primary energy use in China was 26,250 TWh and 20 TWh per million persons. According to IEA the primary energy use grew 40% and electricity use to 70%. The energy import was three times bigger in 2009. The share of energy import of the primary energy use was 12% in 2009.

China – Renewing Energy

China is the world's leading country in electricity production from renewable energy sources, with over double the generation of the second-ranking country, the United States. In 2013 the country had a total capacity of 378 GW of renewable power, mainly from hydroelectric and wind power. China's renewable energy sector is growing faster than its fossil fuels and nuclear power capacity.

Although China currently has the world's largest installed capacity of hydro, solar and wind power, its energy needs are so large that in 2013 renewables provided just a little over 20% of its power generation, with most of the remainder provided by traditional coal power facilities. Nevertheless, the share of renewable sources in the energy mix had been gradually rising from 2013.

China’s total primary energy consumption reached 4.26 billion tonnes of coal equivalent (tce), up 2.1% over 2013, and accounting for 23 percent of global energy consumption. • Primary energy grew only 29 percent as fast as the rate of GDP growth • China accounted for 27.5 percent of global energy-related CO2 emissions. • China’s per capita CO2 emissions were 6.6 tonnes/person, 49 percent above the world average but 59 percent below that of the United States. • China accounted for over half of total world coal consumption. • In contrast, China’s oil consumption was 12 percent of world demand and natural gas was 5.5 percent. • Since 2000, China’s natural gas consumption grew at a rate of 15.3 percent per year. • China’s Western region continues to be the dominant source of increased production of oil and natural gas. • China added 113 gigawatts (GW) of new power plant generation capacity, of which 48 percent was fossil-fuel-based. Wind power capacity rose by 20 GW and solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity by 9 GW. Wind generation accounted for 22 percent of the global total, and PV was 16 percent of the global total. • Natural gas imports reached 60 billion cubic meters (m3), up 13 percent, including a 15 percent rise in pipeline gas from Central Asia, and a 10 percent increase in liquefied natural gas imports. Crude oil imports rose 9.5 percent to 6.7 million barrels/day, and coal imports fell 15 percent to 156 million tonnes.

Coal

Coal in China (Mt)

Production

Net import

Net available

2005

2,226

-47

2,179

2008

2,761

nd

2,761

2009

2,971

114

3,085

2010

3,162

157

3,319

2011

3,576

177

3,753

2015

3,527

199

3,726

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